“A nation of writers, Italians, unfortunately little law. We must start from the young and especially from school. Young people are infected with the enthusiasm for reading, you have to invite them to the book, them curious, certainly not force them. Do you think the 41% books that come out not even sell a copy, and that's not good, why I am against the abuse of the computer, the memory is lost in excessive virtuality of digital technology”. But what feeds a writer? “The reality is the compass for a writer – said Dacia Maraini Villa Olmo, at the final award ceremony “City of Como” edition 2017 – “We often have to deal with an uncomfortable reality. painful, terrible, while we would like to test ourselves with something lighter. And it is also important to the imagination. Without imagination there is not even ethics, because it is the imagination that we create the image of precisely what is good for one person.” In the morning, Como the day of the writer saw her starring in a meeting with students of the grammar school “Alessandro Volta” Como. In Grand'Aula of Via Cesare Cantù school, Angelo Valtorta accompanied by the Dean and Professor Marina Doria, He responded to an extensive series of questions about writing, news and society. A job that of dialogue with the author and his work born of deep reflection in the classroom and will continue throughout the school year with further explanation.
A Mark who broke the ice by asking if you feel included in his work as a writer, the author of “The long life of Marianna Ucria” recalled that a real author, a classic, He is able to speak to more eras. “There are also significant authors but then disappear, because they have been able to speak only in their season. And then there are the great, that can give so many and such answers as knowing how to communicate with future periods – said Dacia Maraini – Think of Dante. I remember in my childhood some illiterate peasants who knew by heart many of the poet expressions, and if trasmetteraversare 700 years and still talk”.
Demand for Lorenzo, Another student of the Volta, concerned the richness of language, in the formative experience of Dacia Maraini. “Language is not what is being photographed in the vocabularies – He reminded the writer – It is a very complex phenomenon, ever-changing. Personally I do not accept the excessive use of technical jargon and industry, such as those of the bureaucracy, or sports, of medicine. Misusing them means to flatten the richness of the language that is the substantial amount of identity of a country. It can not be religion, or a flag. Rather it is the language to tell us who we are. And we should be a little Italian’ more proud of our language, which it is the fourth most spoken in the world, because it is the language of art, music, beauty. But we abuse of technicalities and even too many foreign words. think “mouse”, in common usage because of the spread of computers. Nobody wants to translate it literally “top”. But we abuse of the term “location”, to designate a place, a room. I find it harmful. A foreign word is inserted into the language of a country as does the shell with its pearl. That comes from a grain of sand, which it is joined to its interior. The mollusk slowly wraps in his saliva, to circumscribe, and this then solidifies creating precisely in a pearl, precious and unrepeatable. But if we get too much sand, the shell dies.” “For this I say – added Dacia Maraini – who is in our country should learn Italian, and the rules in force in Italy. There is nothing offensive, in this”. And Andrea, student who has drawn attention to the amount of conveyed words from English, especially in technical and scientific fields, Dacia Maraini advised her to become a promoter of a laboratory, at the classic Como, Italians to find synonyms for foreign words knocking on doors of our vocabulary. “Not doing enough – he said – to find words equivalent to the English, although English is the dominant language in the world. We should do as the French, that, for example, prefer “computer” a “computer”. Bending passively to this trend is a form of servility. Let's be more proud of our linguistic identity”
With the answer to the question of the classic student Paola was then entered into the heart of the debate on women in contemporary society. “The feminism is dead – said Dacia Maraini – as indeed all of the twentieth century ideologies which have aggregated energy to change the modern society. But it is certainly not failed, although the old feminism has run its phase, its path, the fight to defend the rights of women in a male-dominated society, who wants to commodify everything, and he desecrates the human person in his integrity, for example, imposing seduction mechanisms through the exhibition of the female body to sell this or that product. The weaker minds and less trained to think fall into the net, and they are deceived”. And in Vittoria, a student who asked how important traveling in the life and writing of Dacia Maraini, the writer said that even the places, how language, They are subjected to a perennial metamorphosis. “The Africa that I visited at length with Pasolini and Moravia no longer exists – he recalled – is now a continent choked with hunger, desertification, dall’Isis. A world where it's hard to stay. For this many try to escape”. And then there are many other places to visit, not only in Italy of the many medieval villages to be preserved. There is also an imaginary geography but no less powerful, that of literature, that enables travel through time and space: “Certain places like St. Petersburg Neva, some nineteenth century Dickensian o russo, I think of Gogol and Chekhov, I loved them as real places where I lived – He recalled the Maraini. The student “Time” Martina has brought the discussion of the social gains. “For me establish myself as a writer it has been difficult, I had to fight against many prejudices. The publishing market is very open, We know that women read more than men, however,, and out of many books written by women. Eppure nell’empireo, where they truly decide their future models, I think the university, for example,, women are still not listening, almost disappear from the control room. Personally I owe a lot to the success of Marianna Ucria, a book that came out in 28 countries, it was difficult then for critics take lightly lightly. Unfortunately, today it is more difficult to be that writers writers. But of course I speak for the western world, because in many other countries of the world women are still slaves of a patriarchal mentality. Think of the Pakistani Nobel laureate Malala Yousafzai, only victim of his desire to study. A woman in some countries can not be cultivated, because culture, knowledge, They make you independent and therefore make you uncomfortable.
In Italy the path towards equality has been long, and also exhausting, we think that the honor killing was abolished only in 1981. Our journey towards a world less androcentric is long. But we consider that elsewhere it is unfortunately far behind, for historical reasons. Our road to modernity was dotted with great achievements, often shared, often in contradiction with each other but historically undeniable. For our country, I think of the Renaissance, the Risorgimento, strength. The same French Revolution, which then it ended badly, He laid the foundations of democracy as we know it today, turning around three core values like freedom, equality and fraternity. The other great revolution was that of Christ, who has dared to contradict the Bible. He replaced the vengeance with justice (“love your neighbor”), and slavery that was the era of the Old Testament considered normal and peaceful with ugugaglianza. What I consider most important of all asked to give to Caesar what is Caesar, ie to separate church and state. In the Islamic world this is missed, It missed someone storicizzasse the Koran, which it is inevitably linked to its time, the seventh century d.C. Where the church has also the religious power, the worst things happen. The church deals with absolute, while the state must take care of the plurality, this must mediate between the many parties and therefore also between different religious forms. The great struggle between Shiites and Sunnis that divides the Muslim world is precisely the division between those who want to historicize the Koran, read it as an episode of history, and then in a critical way, and who like the Sunnis calls for its literal application. We have a historical context the Bible, why do not stone adulterers and do not cut the hand of the thief. The attitude towards women is always a fact of civilization. The power is control, seeks to have absolute dominion over death, and it does so with wars, the courts, the prisons. And it does about life, trying to dominate the women's belly. By imposing their bans, penis, limits.
The last question is for Thomas: Dacia Maraini had close family ties with intellectuals such as Pasolini and Moravia, Today we learn in high school as important voices of the twentieth century. “They were like two intellectuals used to say once engaged – said Dacia Maraini – in the sense that have questioned the reality and have spoken critically, sometimes prophetically. For example, when Pasolini asked to make the process of building, introducing a concept then in common usage, anticipated critical phenomena in power which are then fleshed out with the fight against corruption in the nineties. And it's a good thing that there is talk of corruption phenomena. I think it's healthy, when the complaint emerges and comes to the fore, it would be worse if corruption although this remained unnoticed”. And returning to Pasolini and Moravia, he added: “The intellectual world was fragmented because the ideologies that had once also a function ended “cogent”, allowed to meet to plan the future. So for example, the policy has been reduced to the struggle for the conquest of power, Simple personalism, and he lost that spirit of community service that also was born. There are still strong ideologies, but they are underground – concluded Dacia Maraini – I think for example the phenomenon of volunteering, which it is very common and fortunately also very practiced, but he speaks very little. It is practiced but it is theorized. Hopefully forces like this can one day return to being the forces more complex and systematic project, those forces that lead you to compare yourself with others and to join them to change the world”.